The first Ukraine-India projects in the spheres of science and technology were initiated after signing on March 27, 1992 the Intergovernmental Agreement on Cooperation in the fields of Science and Technology (expired in 2006). Then in 1993 it was agreed the first intergovernmental Programme of Cooperation for the period 1993-1996, the National Academy of Science of Ukraine launched the Commission on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (hereinafter - STC) with India.
Currently the Ukraine-India cooperation in the spheres of science and technology is based on the following major documents: Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on Cooperation in the Fields of Science and Technology (signed on December 10, 2012 and came into force on June 10, 2014), Agreement on Scientific Cooperation between the National Academy of Science of Ukraine and the Indian National Science Academy (2003); Framework Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on Cooperation in the Peaceful Use of Outer Space (2005); Agreement between the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine and the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board of India (2012) etc.
Established in 2000 the Ukrainian-Indian Committee on STC is of primary importance for deepening relations between the two countries in science and technology area. The two Sides held 6 sessions of the STC Committee. At present the spheres of biotechnology and biomedicine, information and communication technologies, nanotechnologies, energy and energy resources, high-energy physics and astrophysics are among the priority directions for research and development activities. In 2017 the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and the Department of Science and Technology of India were developing nine joint projects.
The Ukrainian-Indian Working Group on Space was established in 2016. Its first session was held on February 16, 2016 in Kyiv.